Centos minimal桌面上自然环境和vnc服务配备 系统软

使用阿里巴巴云,尽管win8网络服务器立即便可以远程控制联接桌面上,可是总觉得沒有应用linux适合,windows下的网络服务器配备较为简易,不太好了一搜一大把,還是决策用linux吧。

当地VM在建虚似机,下了个centos minimal系统软件,400多M,家中电脑上不行,2G多的centos想一想還是算了吧,安裝好虚似机网口立即用的桥接。

配备桌面上自然环境


系统软件安裝好后,默认设置不是打开互联网联接的,先打开互联网联接。

指令:ifconfig eth0 up 或是 ifup eth0 2个指令都可以以

打开dhcp服务

指令:dhclient eth0

键入指令ifconfig看看ip详细地址,一切正常得话下一步

 

安裝X Window:

指令:yum groupinstall X Window System

安裝gnome:

指令:yum groupinstall Desktop

安裝汉语語言:

指令:yum groupinstall Chinese Support

起动桌面上:

指令:startx

随后按住Ctrl+Alt+F2, OK,进到了桌面上.

或是键入指令:init 5

 

不容易应用vi编写器得话,点一下桌面上左上方,系统软件- 管理方法- 加上和删掉手机软件

搜索:gedit

寻找 Text editor for the GNOME desktop

启用前边的可选择框,点一下右下方运用

或是立即键入指令:yum -y install gedit

 

要下一次全自动起动gnome:

改动/etc/inittab文档中的id:3:initdefault,将3改成5,id:5:initdefault

 

再次起动系统软件.

 

安裝vncserver:


指令:yum -y install trigervncserver

 

在/etc/sysconfig/vncservers结尾加上编码:

VNCSERVERS= 1:root

VNCSERVERARGS[1]= -geometry 1280x1024 -nolisten tcp -depth 24

 

起动VNCserver:

指令:vncserver

键入2次登陆密码

 

改动/root/.vnc/xstartup文档,最终一行改成:gnome-session

改动防火安全墙 /etc/sysconfig/iptables加上下边编码:

-A INPUT -m state ——state NEW -m tcp -p tcp ——dport 5900:5903 -j ACCEPT

重新启动防火安全墙:/etc/init.d/iptables restart

 

打开vncserver:vncserver :1

ok,如今应当可使用VNC Viewer联接虚似机了

指令:ip:5901或是ip:1都可以以

Centos minimal桌面环境和vnc服务配置 系统软件 第1张

应用Xbrowser联接VNCSERVER


安裝gdm:yum -y install gdm

 

改动/etc/gdm/custom.conf:

[xdmcp]

Enable=true

DisplaysPerHost=3

Port=177

[security]

AllowRemoteRoot=ture

AllowRoot=true

 

改动防火安全墙:/etc/sysconfig/iptables 加上下列內容

-A INPUT -m state ——state NEW -m udp -p udp ——dport 177 -j ACCEPT

重新启动防火安全墙,重新启动系统软件

OK,如今可使用Xbrowser联接centos了。

Centos minimal桌面环境和vnc服务配置 系统软件 第2张

 

额外:

一般不正确编码10060至10065能够查验下防火安全墙端口号有木有打开,vncserver服务有木有打开,ip配备是不是恰当,下列立即终端设备运作指令:

重新启动VNC:service vncserver restart

完毕:vncserver -kill :1

打开:vncserver :1

 

vnc全自动起动:chkconfig vncserver on

查询防火安全墙信息内容:/etc/init.d/iptables status

关掉防火安全墙服务:/etc/init.d/iptables stop

永久性关掉?不知道道如何个永久性法:chkconfig –level 35 iptables off

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